November Garden Tips

 

  1. Cover strawberry beds with 2″ of straw (not hay). This will protect the plants from cold and winds, control weeds and warm the soil earlier in the spring.
  2. Clean up all fallen leaves from blueberry beds, then add a 2″ thick layer of pine needles, straw or pine bark mulch around the plants. This will insulate the roots during the winter.
  3. Sharpen, clean and repair all hand tools before storing them.
  4. If rainfall has been light, deeply water all trees and shrubs before the ground freezes.
  5. Protect any half-hardy shrubs by surrounding them with a wire cage and cover them with a thick layer of dry leaves.
  6. Wrap the trunks of young trees to protect their tender bark from frost injury.
  7. If you haven’t already, cut grass low to prevent mold from forming under snow cover.
  8. After the ground freezes, cover perennials with mulch; this will prevent frost-thaw cycles from heaving them out of the ground.
  9. Turn the compost pile and add water if it feels dry.
  10. Prune roses back to 8″-12″ tall, mound compost around the bud union and cover with a rose cone.
  11. If you are planning to plant a live Christmas tree, dig the hole now before the ground freezes.
  12. Continue raking and shredding leaves to add to the compost pile.
  13. Mulch plants you want to overwinter with a thick layer of straw.
  14. Last chance to plant spring-blooming bulbs such as daffodils and tulips.
  15. If you didn’t do it last month, cut back perennials, clean all beds of leaves and weeds and edge your lawn.
  16. Don’t feed your houseplants through the winter, but give them as much light as possible.
  17. Clean the foliage of houseplants that will tolerate it (those with smooth, un-fuzzy leaves). Wash both sides. This removes the dust, which allows them to breathe better; it also gives you a great opportunity to check for insects.
  18. Make sure you allow your houseplants to dry out between waterings; they do not use as much water in winter as they do in the spring.